A thumb sprain involves damage to the thumb ligaments. Once these ligaments are injured, it might end up stretched or partly or fully ripped.
The injury is usually brought about by abrupt activities where the ligament is violently twisted or torn. This can occur when falling onto the thumb or if a ball strikes the tip point of the thumb.
What are the signs?
The usual indications of the injury include:
- Thumb pain
- Swelling and bruising
- Difficulty using or moving the thumb
Management of a thumb sprain
If an individual is diagnosed with a thumb sprain, some of the commonly used treatment options include:
- Change or stop engaging in activities that triggered the pain until the ligament has fully recuperated.
- Suitable stretching and strengthening exercises are suggested by the doctor to promote healing of the injury.
- A splint is placed on the affected thumb for several weeks to prevent it from moving as it heals.
In most cases, the pain often settles within a few weeks with self-care measures, but some injuries might take a longer time to heal.
Some of the self-care measures for the injury include:
- Application of ice that is wrapped with a clean towel or cloth several times throughout the day.
- The affected hand must be raised on pillows or cushions while sitting or lying down.
- Pain medications can be used as instructed by the doctor.
A thumb sprain due to accidents could not be prevented. The risk for the injury can be lowered by following the safety rules in sports and utilize the suitable protective gear or equipment.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on a thumb sprain is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs and how it is treated, register for a first aid and CPR course with Ottawa First Aid.