Any kind of trauma or injury to the eyes should be taken seriously. Immediate medical care for eye issues can save the vision of the individual as well as prevent further complications from developing. You can register for first aid training today so that you can provide proper care for eye injuries.
Foreign object in the eye
It is important to note that the eye cleans itself from any debris with tearing, thus treatment is not required until you are sure that the object cannot be removed by itself.
First aid for foreign object in the eye
- Instruct the individual to avoid rubbing his/her eyes
- You have to lift the upper eyelid up and out over the lower lid. Instruct the individual to roll his/her eye around.
- Flush the eyes with water generously and instruct him/her to keep the eyes open during the flushing.
- The previous steps must be repeated until the object is flushed out.
A follow-up with a doctor is a must to ensure that all debris is gone and the eyes were not damaged or scratched. In case an object is embedded in the eye, do not attempt to remove since this will only cause further damage. You have to cover the eye using gauze or an eye shield and seek medical care.
Chemicals are present inside the house or in the workplace and if not careful when using them, they are easily splashed into the eyes. It is important to use safety glasses when using any chemical at home or in the workplace. In addition, you have to be careful even when using household cleaners to prevent any eye injuries.
First aid for chemical burn on the eye
- Try to encourage the individual to stay calm and keep his/her eyes open until the chemicals can be flushed out. The individual should not close his/her eyes since this will trap the chemical inside and cause further damage.
- Flush the eyes generously with water for 15-20 minutes. Make sure that the individual will keep his/her eyes open during the flushing.
- Bring the individual to the nearest emergency department.
You can also call the local poison control for instructions on what to do. Provide the important details such as the name and type of chemical.
Direct blow to the eye
Abrupt strike from an object or from another person can hit the eye directly or around the socket. The minor blows can be managed at home but any eye injuries must be monitored for indications of serious damage or possible infection.
First aid for a direct blow to the eye
- Place a cold compress over the affected eye for 5-10 minute intervals. Avoid placing the cold compress directly on the skin. Make sure that it is covered in a clean towel or cloth.
Bring the individual to a doctor so that the eye can be assessed for any potential damage. After 24 hours, a warm compress should be used to help minimize the bruising. It is best to seek medical care if the following symptoms are present:
- Visual changes
- Drainage from the injured eye
- Persistent pain
- Any evident abnormalities or bleeding