An individual with atopic dermatitis should observe proper care of the skin. Always bear in mind that good skin care is vital in controlling the rash and itchiness caused by atopic dermatitis. The cycle of itchiness, scratching and rash can be prevented by keeping the skin properly hydrated to avoid dryness and limit exposure to any skin irritants.
Management of atopic dermatitis
How to keep the skin hydrated
When caring for skin prone to atopic dermatitis, the following must be observed:
- Immerse the skin in clean, lukewarm water for up to 10 minutes. The skin will absorb the water and retain its natural oils. If the skin rash is controlled, the individual can take a shower or if an outbreak is mild.
- Avoid washing using soap during every bath. If soap is needed, opt for a mild, non-drying product. Only use soap regularly on the groin, underarms and feet and rinse right away.
- Do not add bubble bath or bath oils to the bath water since it lessens the ability of the skin to absorb water.
- Do not use face cloths or scrub brushes.
- After a bath or shower, pat the skin dry. While the skin is still damp or wet, dab on a moisturizer, usually within 3 minutes after a shower or bath.
- A moisturizer must be applied several times throughout the day. Take note that the thicker ointments or creams work better than the thinner lotions.
Avoidance of skin irritants
- Only use a fragrance-free, mild laundry detergent when washing clothes and rinse thoroughly twice.
- Any scratchy or rough bedding or clothes must be avoided.
- Avoid areas or places with low humidity
- Being sunburned since a sunburn can worsen the condition
- Abrupt changes in temperature must be avoided.
- Excessive sweating can worsen atopic dermatitis. Select clothing and bedding fabrics that allows air to freely flow to prevent sweat from accumulating on the skin.
- It is not suggested to exercise under the heat of the day.
- Emotional stress can also worsen the skin condition.