What are the conditions that cause stiff neck pain?

31 October 2014
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31 October 2014, Comments: 0

It is important to note that the neck is composed of muscles, nerves, vertebrae and the cushioning layers. These structures work together in order to allow the neck to freely move up and down and from side to side. The stiff neck pain is often characterized as soreness in the neck that affects the normal range of motion. There are certain conditions that trigger stiff neck pain that tend to differ in harshness. Some of these conditions are common while others are considered as medical emergencies that require immediate treatment as soon as possible.

Neck sprain

There are seven vertebrae that comprise the spinal column in the neck. In every vertebra is a ligament that allows movement. Once physical trauma causes an unusual or difficulty in moving the neck, a ligament can tear which is called as a neck sprain.

The indications of a neck sprain include pain that intensifies during movement and a stiff neck that is accompanied by headache and reduced range of motion. In case the nerves are also affected, the individual can experience tingling or numbness in the arms or hands. Even though a neck sprain can lead to substantial pain and stiffness of the neck, it is not a serious issue and typically heals within 4-6 weeks with immobilization of the neck using a soft collar and rest. If you want to learn more about the available first aid training today, all you have to do is to enroll in a class today.

Stiff neck

The indications of a neck sprain include pain that intensifies during movement and a stiff neck that is accompanied by headache and reduced range of motion.

Cervical spondylosis

Cervical spondylosis is a condition involving the gradual deterioration of the spine. It often develops as a result of the aging process but can also occur due to previous neck injuries, previous surgeries and even arthritis. The indications of cervical spondylosis typically include neck pain, stiff neck, constant headaches, weakness of the arms as well as numbing and tingling sensation in the arms and shoulders. The condition can be managed with a combination of muscle relaxants and over-the-counter pain medications as well as physical therapy.


This is an infection that involves the inflammation of the meninges. Once the meninges are swollen, it causes fever, stiff neck, intense headache, nausea, sleepiness, difficulty concentrating and sensitivity to light.

Meningitis can be caused by virus, fungi or bacteria. The most common type is viral meningitis and typically clears up on its own with increased fluid intake, bed rest and pain medications. As for bacterial meningitis, it is uncommon but can be life-threatening that requires immediate hospitalization in which intravenous antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications are given.

If the individual experiences stiff neck that persists for several days and accompanied by other symptoms, it is best that the individual will have the condition checked by a doctor for proper assessment and treatment.

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