A ministroke occurs if a section of the brain is briefly deprived of blood flow. This results to stroke-like symptoms that settle within 24 hours. Since the symptoms strikingly resemble a stroke, it is vital to seek prompt medical care.
What are the signs?
Some of the symptoms that might indicate a stroke include:
- Visual changes
- Difficulty speaking
- Tingling sensation
- Balance issues
- Altered level of consciousness
- Passing out
- Abnormal sense of smell or taste
- Numbness or weakness on one side of the face or body
Call for emergency assistance or bring the individual to the nearest emergency department if any of these symptoms are present.
How long does it last?
The indications of a ministroke is usually brief. Oftentimes, the symptoms settle upon reaching a doctor. The symptoms might not be present during the assessment; thus, the individual describes the event after the symptoms have settled.
Management of ministroke
Various treatment options are available. It is important to note that a ministroke will not cause any lasting impairment to the brain tissue or disabilities but might be an early warning indicator for a stroke.
The treatment is aimed on starting or adjusting drugs that improve the flow of blood to the brain. It is also vital to identify any irregularities that can be fixed by the doctor to lower the risk for future ministrokes.
Some of the commonly used treatment options include:
- Antiplatelet drugs – these drugs work by making the platelets less likely to stick together to prevent blood clots
- Anticoagulants – these drugs prevent clots by targeting proteins responsible for clotting
- Minimally invasive carotid intervention
- Lifestyle changes