The common cold is caused by the cold virus which is airborne and can easily spread to others via sneezing, coughing or direct contact with an infected individual. The indications of common cold can range from sneezing, coughing, watery eyes, sore throat and congestion.
Even though there is no cure for common cold, there are measures to reduce the risk of acquiring the cold as well as help the body fight off the virus in case it is acquired. You can learn more about these remedies and treatment options by enrolling in a first aid class today.
The basic way to avoid contact with the cold virus is by observing proper hygiene at all times. The ideal way to avoid the common cold or spreading the condition to others is by hand washing with warm foamy water on a regular basis. It is imperative to wash hands after being exposed to individuals who are infected with the flu virus or after staying in places where the cold virus might be transmitted.
Remember not to touch the eyes, mouth or nose after contact with surfaces that might harbor the cold virus. An infected individual should cover his/her mouth when sneezing or coughing to stop the spread of the virus.
Even though many believe that vitamin C can help prevent and manage the common cold, it was discovered in several studies that there are no significant benefits of vitamin C supplements in preventing the common cold. Nevertheless, there is minimal reduction in the length of the cold if vitamin C is taken during the start of the cold.
In some cases, Echinacea can be used to help prevent or reduce the length of the cold. In studies conducted, zinc is known to reduce the symptoms linked with common cold. The treatment involving the use of zinc-based lozenges was linked with a reduction in the harshness and length of the cold symptoms. This is due to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of zinc.
Self-care for common cold
If an individual ends up with cold, it will surely run its full course. On the other hand, you can manage the symptoms and make the individual comfortable. When an individual has cold, it is important that he/she will stay hydrated and gets enough rest. Encourage him/her to rinse using salt water to help soothe a sore throat. Saline nasal drops can be used to soothe the nasal passages as well as reduce the congestion. Additionally, keep the room moist and warm by using a humidifier to help reduce the congestion and coughing.
In case the symptoms of common cold persist for an extended period despite providing the remedies and treatment options, a doctor should be consulted for proper assessment and management.