An infection with the crypto parasite is called cryptosporidiosis. Cryptosporidium is the parasite that causes outbreaks of diarrhea. An infection develops after drinking contaminated water and often causes episodes of diarrhea, nausea and stomach cramping for a few weeks.
It is important to note that the crypto parasite is resistant to chlorine and can thrive in a well-chlorinated pool for up to 10 days. It can only be eliminated with hyperchlorination where the pool is closed until the levels of chlorine returns to a safe level.
What are the signs?
The indications of cryptosporidiosis generally arise around 7 days after exposure to the crypto parasite.
The usual symptoms include:
- Abdominal cramps
- Watery diarrhea
The other symptoms that might arise especially in cases where a child does not drink enough fluids is dehydration and weight loss. The symptoms might be severe among children with immune system issues.
Management of cryptosporidiosis
Cryptosporidiosis that develops among healthy children with immune conditions can settle on its own. A form of treatment given to treat diarrhea is nitazoxanide due to the Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia parasites for children at least 12 months old.
Other treatment options for cryptosporidiosis include increasing the intake of fluids to prevent dehydration and even probiotics.
Some of the preventive measures to lower the risk for cryptosporidiosis include:
- Children with diarrhea, hepatitis A, pink eye or other contagious diseases must stay of the water.
- Children must be encouraged to take a bath or shower before swimming.
- Observe regular hand washing after using the toilet
- Do not change diapers by the swimming pool.