Appendicitis develops if the appendix becomes tender, swollen and filled with pus. The condition might develop due to a stomach infection that moves to the organ or if a stool ends up trapped in the appendix, allowing an infection to develop.
The condition can occur at any age, usually among older children to adults in their 30s.
What are the indications?
The initial sign of appendicitis is abdominal pain, usually across the region. Once the infection progresses, the site of the pain is demarcated in the low right side of the abdomen.
The usual signs include the following:
- Progressing abdominal pain
- Painful sneezing or coughing
- Inability to pass gas
- Appetite loss
If the individual suffers from progressive worsening discomfort in the abdomen, he/she must seek medical care.
Management of appendicitis
In case appendicitis is mild, antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor, but this is considered rare.
Generally, the appendix is removed. This is often done via keyhole surgery or laparoscopy.
If keyhole surgery was carried out, the individual can go home after 24 hours. During the first few days, there is some constipation and minimal pain and bruising. Over-the-counter pain medications can be used for pain relief.
In case open surgery was performed, the individual is hospitalized for up to a week. It might take up to 2 weeks for the individual to continue with normal activities but must wait for 4-6 weeks before engaging in rigorous activity.