A biceps tendon injury involves issues with tendons linking the muscle in the front region of the upper arm to the bones in the shoulder and elbow. The biceps tendons can be damaged abruptly or steadily over time.
What are the causes?
- Overusing the tendon during sports or work that involves regularly raising the arm overhead such as in carpentry or pitching.
- Sudden activity where the tendon is twisted or ripped apart such as lifting heavy objects or landing on the arm during a fall.
What are the indications?
The signs of a biceps tendon injury can be felt in the elbow or shoulder. The usual symptoms include:
- Achiness when the arm and shoulder are moved, especially when moving the arm over the shoulder
- Discomfort when touching the front part of the shoulder or during throwing movements
- Inflammation and bruising on the upper part of the arm
- Difficulty lifting or turning the arm, especially when turning the palm upwards and downwards
In case the tendon is fully ruptured, a pop can be felt at the time of injury and there is an evident protrusion on the upper arm. In addition, the individual could not raise or turn the arm.
Management of a biceps tendon injury
It is recommended to change or stop any activities that trigger pain until the tendon has recuperated and no longer cause discomfort.
Stretching and strengthening exercises are also suggested to promote healing. A sling or cast might be utilized for several weeks to keep the arm immobile as it heals.
If the discomfort is persistent, the doctor might administer a shot of a steroid medication. In case the tendon is torn, surgery is necessary to fix the tendon.
The pain often settles in just a few weeks with self-care measures, but some might take several months or longer to recuperate. It is vital to carefully follow the instructions given by the doctor.
Disclaimer / More Information
The information posted on this page on a biceps tendon injury is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs of injury, register for first aid training at one of our training centers located throughout Canada. The training centers are in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Kelowna, Saskatoon, Victoria, Surrey, Mississauga, Winnipeg, Red Deer, Toronto, Ottawa and Halifax.